When acting jointly, businesses, civil society and the public sector can more effectively tackle corruption.
Anti corruption Collective Action initiatives can include industry standards, multi-stakeholder initiatives, and public-private partnerships. The focus is generally on the “supply” side of bribery because companies engage with other stakeholders to tackle the payment of bribes.
The World Bank Institute describes anti-corruption Collective Action as …
‘a collaborative and sustained process of cooperation amongst stakeholders. It increases the impact and credibility of individual action, brings vulnerable individual players into an alliance of like-minded organizations and levels the playing field between competitors.’
Three Types of Collective Actions
In practice, we identify these categories of Collective Actions:
- an anti-corruption declaration
- a standard setting or principles based initiative, which can also include
a certification model to monitor and audit adherence to an agreement not to bribe
- an Integrity Pact